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How to keep your dog's teeth healthy and strong - How to keep your dog's teeth healthy and strong

How to keep your dog’s teeth healthy and strong

5 Things Chinchilla Owners Need To Know About Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infections

Posted by on February 3, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 5 Things Chinchilla Owners Need To Know About Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infections

Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria are responsible for a number of infections in pet chinchillas. These opportunistic bacteria are ubiquitous and can be found in soil, water, man-made environments, and even on human skin. Your pet chinchilla is not safe from the effects of this bacteria. Here are five things chinchilla owners need to know about pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. How do chinchillas acquire the bacteria? Chinchillas acquire the pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria from their environments. Since these bacteria are ubiquitous in nature, it can be found in your pet’s water, in their food or in their bedding. Since the bacteria can also be found on human skin, you may inadvertently infect your pet while cuddling them or caring for them. They can also get the bacteria from other chinchillas. One study of 67 chinchillas found that 41.8% of the animals were infected with pseudomonas aeruginosa. Your pet may have contracted the bacteria from other animals at the pet store or breeder. When does the bacteria cause disease? Not all infected chinchillas will get sick. This is because pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen, which means that it takes advantage of hosts with poor immune systems. If your pet’s immune system is strong, they’ll remain a carrier but won’t get ill themselves, but if their immune function decreases, they’ll become sick. Many factors can lead to decreased immune function in chinchillas. For example, stress, poor nutrition, age, or other illnesses can weaken your pet’s immune system and give pseudomonas aeruginosa the opportunity it needs. What are the signs of pseudomonas aeruginosa infections? Pseudomonas aeruginosa can lead to different types of infections, so the symptoms will vary based on which organ systems are affected. However, there are some signs that are considered typical of these infections. If your pet is sick, you’ll notice some or all of the following signs: · Lack of interest in their food; · Weight loss; · Depression or lethargy; · Diarrhea; · Constipation; · Ocular ulcers; · Oral ulcers; · Pus-filled blisters on the skin; · Conjunctivitis (red, sore eyes). If not treated, these infections can kill chinchillas. If you notice any of the previously mentioned symptoms, take your pet to an emergency veterinarian that specializes in exotic pets right away. Your veterinarian will diagnose the infection based on the presence of the bacteria. How do veterinarians treat these infections? These infections are treated with antibiotics. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a multi-drug resistant pathogen, so your veterinarian may need to try multiple drugs before they find one that works. According to NIH, the bacteria are often susceptible to ciprofloxacin, imipenem, or ceftazidime. Gentamicin can also be used, though the bacteria shows less susceptibility to this drug. Once your pet has recovered, you’ll need to carefully disinfect their cage to ensure that they’re not re-infected by their environment. How can you disinfect their cage? Pseudomonas aeruginosa is resistant to many disinfectants, so mild household cleaners and products like vinegar aren’t good choices for cage disinfection. Studies have shown that these bacteria can be killed with 5% hypochlorite bleach. To disinfect with bleach, mix one-part bleach with nine-parts water and wipe all surfaces of your pet’s cage, including the bars. Bleach is corrosive, so remember to rinse the cage well with water afterwards. Not everything can be disinfected with bleach. Wooden houses,...

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3 Serious Dental Problems That Can Affect Guinea Pigs

Posted by on November 2, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 3 Serious Dental Problems That Can Affect Guinea Pigs

Just like humans, guinea pigs are susceptible to a wide variety of dental problems. As a responsible pet owner, you need to be aware of the dental problems that can affect your pigs and seek emergency veterinary treatment for them if they develop problems with their teeth. Here are three serious dental problems that your pigs may suffer from. Malocclusion Like other types of rodents, guinea pigs have open-rooted teeth. This allows their teeth to grow constantly throughout their lives. If your pigs don’t wear down their teeth, their teeth will grow too much, which leads to malocclusion. Malocclusion means that their teeth are misaligned and their bite is thrown off. If your pig has this condition, you will notice that they are unable to close their mouth due to the size of their teeth. Malocclusion is a big problem because it makes it hard or even impossible for your pig to chew their food. This can lead to weight loss, and if your pig’s teeth are not treated in time, they may even die from starvation or gastric stasis. To treat this problem, your vet may trim your pet’s teeth to return them to a normal size. It will then be important to make sure your pet has access to chew toy is like wood blocks so that their teeth do not become overgrown again. If the malocclusion is very severe, the teeth may need to be extracted. Your pig’s teeth will grow back in time, but until they do, you will need to hand feed them soft foods such as a paste of pellets and water. Elongated Roots Elongated roots are another problem that may affect your guinea pig’s teeth. Like malocclusion, this problem is caused by the unique nature of guinea pig’s teeth. Pigs with this condition have tooth roots that grow backwards into their jawbone. This can cause serious problems when the roots put pressure on their eyes or brain. Elongated roots can make your pig’s eyes bulge, which makes them more vulnerable to eye problems like corneal abrasions or infections. The discomfort associated with this condition may make your pig not feel like eating, so you may notice that your pig is losing weight. It is this disinterest in food that is the most serious problem, because if your pig goes 12 hours without eating, they may die. There is only one treatment available for elongated roots. Your vet will file down your pig’s teeth to make them shorter than normal; this works by relieving some of the pressure that their roots are placing on their jaw and other tissues. This treatment may need to be repeated when the teeth grow back. Broken Teeth Guinea pigs need to chew hard objects to file down their teeth, but doing so can sometimes lead to broken teeth. They can also break their teeth in a fall or other accident. If your pig has this problem, you will notice that they are not interested in their food, and if you take a look at their teeth, you will notice that one or more of them is chipped or broken. While your pig’s broken tooth will eventually grow back, it can cause serious problems in the meantime. If the broken edge of the tooth is sharp, it may...

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