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How to keep your dog's teeth healthy and strong - How to keep your dog's teeth healthy and strong

How to keep your dog’s teeth healthy and strong

Pet Nutrition: 3 Types Of Foods Rich In Vitamin A You Can Feed Your Dog

Posted by on September 19, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Pet Nutrition: 3 Types Of Foods Rich In Vitamin A You Can Feed Your Dog

Knowing the types of nutrients your dogs need can help you determine what a healthy and balanced diet looks like. Out of all of the vitamins that your dogs need, vitamin A is a crucial one, as it plays an essential role in maintaining proper metabolism, skin and coat conditions, growth, and visual acuity. 2,272 IU of vitamin A has been recommended for every pound of dry food consumed. Anything more than that can have a toxic effect. While you can find vitamin A in many brands of kibbles and wet dog food, you can also supplement vitamin A intake with these 3 types of foods. Liver for Concentrated Amounts of Vitamin A If you’re looking to hit your dogs with a large dose of vitamin A at a time, then you’ll want to incorporate some type of liver into their diet. Organ meat has been found to be particularly nutritious, and liver contains a wealth of different essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. On top of being a concentrated source for vitamin A, you’ll also find large quantities of vitamin B and iron as well. In short, by just including liver in your dog’s diet, their diet will improve, as liver can aid in digestion, prevent anemia and mental fatigue, regulate body temperature and muscle activity, and strengthen your dogs’ immune systems. To take advantage of the numerous health benefits that liver can offer, incorporate it into your dogs’ diets at least once a week, or up to 5% of your dogs’ total diets. As liver contains concentrated amounts of essential vitamins and minerals, you don’t want to overdo it. Sweet Potatoes as a Delicious Treat Treat your dogs to sweet potatoes, and you’ll also be making sure that they receive all of the vitamin A that they need in their diet. Sweet potatoes contain large quantities of beta-carotene, which is converted to vitamin A in your dogs’ bodies after consumption. They’re also a great treat, as they are low in fat and easy on the digestive system since they are rich in dietary fibers. To retain as much nutrition as possible from the sweet potatoes, steam or boil them before giving them to your dogs. This cooking method will soften up the potatoes while still retaining their original flavor and sweetness. If you’re looking to introduce this type of treat into your dogs’ diets, make sure you start slow by giving them only a teaspoon or a tablespoon at first. This is because a sudden increase in dietary fibers can actually cause gastrointestinal issues. Chicken Eggs with a Twist Much like for human beings, eggs are a wonderful source of nutrients for dogs as well. They contain an abundance of nutrients like vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12 and fatty acids. In fact, some would claim that eggs contain all of the essential building blocks of life, or amino acids, that are needed. You can feed your dogs the same eggs that you buy at a grocery store. Look for eggs that come from free-range, grass-fed hens. They tend to be the healthiest. When serving up eggs, the best way to do it is to feed it to your dogs raw. Cooked eggs lose a lot of their nutrients, so avoid sizzling the eggs on a pan. Conclusion If you...

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5 Things Chinchilla Owners Need To Know About Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infections

Posted by on February 3, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 5 Things Chinchilla Owners Need To Know About Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infections

Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria are responsible for a number of infections in pet chinchillas. These opportunistic bacteria are ubiquitous and can be found in soil, water, man-made environments, and even on human skin. Your pet chinchilla is not safe from the effects of this bacteria. Here are five things chinchilla owners need to know about pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. How do chinchillas acquire the bacteria? Chinchillas acquire the pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria from their environments. Since these bacteria are ubiquitous in nature, it can be found in your pet’s water, in their food or in their bedding. Since the bacteria can also be found on human skin, you may inadvertently infect your pet while cuddling them or caring for them. They can also get the bacteria from other chinchillas. One study of 67 chinchillas found that 41.8% of the animals were infected with pseudomonas aeruginosa. Your pet may have contracted the bacteria from other animals at the pet store or breeder. When does the bacteria cause disease? Not all infected chinchillas will get sick. This is because pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen, which means that it takes advantage of hosts with poor immune systems. If your pet’s immune system is strong, they’ll remain a carrier but won’t get ill themselves, but if their immune function decreases, they’ll become sick. Many factors can lead to decreased immune function in chinchillas. For example, stress, poor nutrition, age, or other illnesses can weaken your pet’s immune system and give pseudomonas aeruginosa the opportunity it needs. What are the signs of pseudomonas aeruginosa infections? Pseudomonas aeruginosa can lead to different types of infections, so the symptoms will vary based on which organ systems are affected. However, there are some signs that are considered typical of these infections. If your pet is sick, you’ll notice some or all of the following signs: · Lack of interest in their food; · Weight loss; · Depression or lethargy; · Diarrhea; · Constipation; · Ocular ulcers; · Oral ulcers; · Pus-filled blisters on the skin; · Conjunctivitis (red, sore eyes). If not treated, these infections can kill chinchillas. If you notice any of the previously mentioned symptoms, take your pet to an emergency veterinarian that specializes in exotic pets right away. Your veterinarian will diagnose the infection based on the presence of the bacteria. How do veterinarians treat these infections? These infections are treated with antibiotics. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a multi-drug resistant pathogen, so your veterinarian may need to try multiple drugs before they find one that works. According to NIH, the bacteria are often susceptible to ciprofloxacin, imipenem, or ceftazidime. Gentamicin can also be used, though the bacteria shows less susceptibility to this drug. Once your pet has recovered, you’ll need to carefully disinfect their cage to ensure that they’re not re-infected by their environment. How can you disinfect their cage? Pseudomonas aeruginosa is resistant to many disinfectants, so mild household cleaners and products like vinegar aren’t good choices for cage disinfection. Studies have shown that these bacteria can be killed with 5% hypochlorite bleach. To disinfect with bleach, mix one-part bleach with nine-parts water and wipe all surfaces of your pet’s cage, including the bars. Bleach is corrosive, so remember to rinse the cage well with water afterwards. Not everything can be disinfected with bleach. Wooden houses,...

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